+ Hardware And Networking Interview Questions and Answers, Question1: What is a node and links? Question2: What are the layers of the OSI reference. You have to be well-prepared to crack a networking job interview. Here are some of the probable Hardware and Networking Interview. Top Networking Interview Questions & Answers. 1) What is a Link? A link refers to the connectivity between two devices. It includes the type of cables and.

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Common Interview Questions for Computer. Networking and Information Security Majors. Interviewing with companies for IT positions, whether large or small. The address resolution protocol (ARP) is used to associate the 32 bit IP address with the 48 bit physical address, used by a host or a router to find the physical. Networking Interview Questions updated on Apr of Users b. Type of transmission medium c. Hardware d. Software. 7. Three common redundancy methods are parity check, cyclic redundancy check (CRC), and checksum.

Layer is a completely logical partition of PDU protocol data unit process. That define how the information is travel form one computer to other over the network. It is used for reliable data transfer. What is operating system?

An operating system sometimes abbreviated as "OS" is the program that, after being initially loaded into the computer by a boot program, manages all the other programs in a computer.

It provides a platform to application software. What is package software? The collection of mostly used software released in package Form Company. For Example Ms-Office that contain word, power point, Excel, etc. Full form of. NET - ". IN - 'IN' stands for India. The 'IN' is a 2-letter country code for India. What is ring topology? In a ring topology, device one connects to device two, device two connects to device three, and so on to the last device, which connects back to device one.

Which cable is used in LAN? UTP cable is used in star topology. It has a single cover over all pair. What is the difference between an unspecified passive open and a fully specified passive open?

Networking Interview Questions

An unspecified passive open has the server waiting for a connection request from a client. A fully specified passive open has the server waiting for a connection from a specific client.

Explain the function of Transmission Control Block A TCB is a complex data structure that contains a considerable amount of information about each connection. Each SNMP agent has the MIB database that contains information about the device's status, its performance, connections, and configuration.

What is anonymous FTP and why would you use it?

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Anonymous FTP enables users to connect to a host without using a valid login and password. Usually, anonymous FTP uses a login called anonymous or guest, with the password usually requesting the user's ID for tracking purposes only. Anonymous FTP is used to enable a large number of users to access files on the host without having to go to the trouble of setting up logins for them all. Anonymous FTP systems usually have strict controls over the areas an anonymous user can access.

What is a pseudo tty? A pseudo tty or false terminal enables external machines to connect through Telnet or rlogin. Without a pseudo tty, no connection can take place. What does the Mount protocol do? The Mount protocol returns a file handle and the name of the file system in which a requested file resides.

The message is sent to the client from the server after reception of a client's request What is External Data Representation? External Data Representation is a method of encoding data within an RPC message, used to ensure that the data is not system-dependent. When were OSI model developed and why its standard called XX and so on? OSI model was developed in February that why these also known as Active Directory Structure How will you register and activate windows?

If you have not activated windows XP, you can do so at any time by clicking the windows Activation icon in the system tray to initiate activation. Once you have activated windows XP, this icon disappears from the system tray. For registration Where do we use cross and standard cable?

In computer it's known as com port and could be available in 9pin or 25 pin. On router it have 60 pins. How will check ip address on 98? It's a unique 32 bits software address of a node in a network. What is private IP? Three ranges of IP addresses have been reserved for private address and they are not valid for use on the Internet. If you want to access internet with these address you must have to use proxy server or NAT server on normal cases the role of proxy server is played by your ISP.

If you do decide to implement a private IP address range, you can use IP addresses from any of the following classes: Class A What's the benefit of subnetting? Reduce the size of the routing tables. Reduce network traffic. Broadcast traffic can be isolated within a single logical network. Provide a way to secure network traffic by isolating it from the rest of the network. What are the differences between static ip addressing and dynamic ip addressing? With static IP addressing, a computer or other device is configured to always use the same IP address.

A VPN is used to provide a secure connection across a public network, such as an internet. Extranets typically use a VPN to provide a secure connection between a company and its known external users or offices. Authentication is provided to validate the identities of the two peers. Confidentiality provides encryption of the data to keep it private from prying eyes. Integrity is used to ensure that the data sent between the two devices or sites has not been tampered with. It is an alternative to the Routing Information Protocol.

The three types of routing tables are fixed, dynamic, and fixed central. What Is Packet Filter? Packet filter is a standard router equipped with some extra functionality. The extra functionality allows every incoming or outgoing packet to be inspected. Packets meeting some criterion are forwarded normally. Those that fail the test are dropped.

The same message might contain the name of the machine that has the boot files on it. If the boot image location is not specified, the workstation sends another UDP message to query the server. DNS resource record is an entry in a name server's database. There are several types of resource records used, including name-to-address resolution information.

It is a better choice than TCP because of the improved speed a connectionless protocol offers. Of course, transmission reliability suffers with UDP. Interior gateways connect LANs of one organization, whereas exterior gateways connect the organization to the outside world. When hierarchical routing is used, the routers are divided into what we call regions, with each router knowing all the details about how to route packets to destinations within its own region, but knowing nothing about the internal structure of other regions.

What Is Multicast Routing? Sending a message to a group is called multicasting, and its routing algorithm is called multicast routing. What Is Traffic Shaping?

One of the main causes of congestion is that traffic is often busy. If hosts could be made to transmit at a uniform rate, congestion would be less common.

Another open loop method to help manage congestion is forcing the packet to be transmitted at a more predictable rate. This is called traffic shaping. Computer Fundamentals Tutorial. Hardware And Networking Practice Tests. IT Skills. Management Skills.

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All Courses. All Practice Tests. Application Layer Question 3. Describe Domain Name System Answer: When the signal travels through the medium from one point to another it may chance to change the form or shape of the signal. It is called distortion. Distortion can occur in a composite signal made up of different frequencies.

Each signal component has its own propagation speed through a traveling medium and, therefore, its own delay in reaching the final destination. Means signal components at the receiver have phases different from what they had at the sender.

The third cause of impairment is Noise. Following types of noise are possible.

Hardware and Networking Interview Questions & Answers

Thermal noise. Induced noise. Crosstalk noise. Impulse noise. Question 7. What Is Ip? Question 9. What Is A Layer? Complementary metal oxide semiconductor Question What Is Sap? What Is Subnet? Availability is high because of the redundancy features available. Distances can span up to 10 kilometers. Management is easy because of the centralization of data resources. Overhead is low uses a thin protocol. A fixed table must be manually modified every time there is a change. A dynamic table changes its information based on network traffic, reducing the amount of manual maintenance.

A fixed central table lets a manager modify only one table, which is then read by other devices. The fixed central table reduces the need to update each machine's table, as with the fixed table. Usually a dynamic table causes the fewest problems for a network administrator, although the table's contents can change without the administrator being aware of the change.

What Is Region? Hardware and Networking Related Tutorials Node. Computer Available Courses. Job Recommendation Latest.

Top 60 Networking Interview Questions and Answers

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Cisco Network Engineer Interview Questions.When the user uses the connection link on turns basis then this configuration will become time shared line configuration. I need a copy of these basic networking questions January 4, Reply. What are the three type of routing tables and What are the advantages and disadvantages of these?

Online Current Affairs Test. Biswajit Das 30 December at Define parity check. Most large businesses, organizations, and universities these days use a proxy server.

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